If your therapist recommend using the electrical stimulation during the rehab, he will clarify the whole process and the expected benefits and risks. These steps will be much like the following:
- Uncover the body areas which are being treated.
- The therapist will place electrodes on your skin. The electrodes are linked to an e-stim machine through a wire.
- You will get a slight tingling sensation.
- There is an increase in the sensation until it feels comfortable and durable.
- You will feel relax during the treatment if the e-stim is used for pain relief or muscle spasm.
- If the electricity is used for improving the function or muscular strength, you need to contract the muscles while the machine is operating.
There are several types of electrical stimulation.
IONTOPHORESIS: it is a kind of e-stim used to assist administering medicines to you in physical therapy. The electric current places multiple medications into the body through the skin.
TENS: TENS stands for Transcutaneous Electrical Neuromuscular Stimulation. It is a modality of physical therapy used for managing the chronic and acute pain in physical therapy.
NMES: The neuromuscular electrical stimulation utilizes the electric current to contract a group of muscles or a single muscle. The therapist can recruit suitable muscle fibres by putting electrodes on the skin in multiple locations.
RUSSIAN STIMULATION: It is similar to NMES for improving the way of your contraction of muscles. This electrical stimulation involves a different waveform, which is more comfortable.
INTERFERENTIAL CURRENT: IFC is used by the therapist for reducing the muscular spams or pain, and improving the blood flow to multiple tissues or muscles. It is used for decreasing muscular spams and local back pain.
HVGC: the High Volt Galvanic Current makes uses of low frequency and high voltage electricity to penetrate deep into the muscles. It is best for improving the joint mobility, relieving the muscle spasms, improving blood flow, and reducing the pains.
If you have a situation that includes limited functional mobility or pain, you should consult with your doctor and discuss it with your physical therapist.