Why Physical Therapists Recommend Electrical Stimulation

  • Health & Recovery  •   September 13, 2019

You’ve been injured and your doctor suggests to get physical therapy. Now your physical therapist recommends electrical stimulation.

How interesting! But what exactly is electrical stimulation?

Let us discuss what e-stim is and how it’s utilized in physical therapy.

Electrical Stimulation Therapy

It is a modality of physical therapy that’s used to help conditions like bursitis, tendonitis, poor muscle control or muscle weakness, post-surgical pain, and lower back pain. If you experience muscular weakness, inflammation, spasm, and pain, your physical therapist will most likely recommend that you this useful modality as a part of the treatment.

Why is E-Stim Used?

The electrical stimulation is used for multiple causes in patients. It can be utilized for the administration of medicines for inflammation. The electrical stimulation is used for the contraction of non-functioning or weak muscles. E-Stim is used to assist in reducing the spasms or pains. There are many cases and evidence where e-stim us used to aid in treating the injuries.

What to Expect During E-Stim?

If your therapist recommend using the electrical stimulation during the rehab, he will clarify the whole process and the expected benefits and risks. These steps will be much like the following:

  • Uncover the body areas which are being treated.
  • The therapist will place electrodes on your skin. The electrodes are linked to an e-stim machine through a wire.
  • You will get a slight tingling sensation.
  • There is an increase in the sensation until it feels comfortable and durable.
  • You will feel relax during the treatment if the e-stim is used for pain relief or muscle spasm.
  • If the electricity is used for improving the function or muscular strength, you need to contract the muscles while the machine is operating.

Types of Electrical Stimulation

There are several types of electrical stimulation.

IONTOPHORESIS: it is a kind of e-stim used to assist administering medicines to you in physical therapy. The electric current places multiple medications into the body through the skin.

TENS: TENS stands for Transcutaneous Electrical Neuromuscular Stimulation. It is a modality of physical therapy used for managing the chronic and acute pain in physical therapy.

NMES: The neuromuscular electrical stimulation utilizes the electric current to contract a group of muscles or a single muscle. The therapist can recruit suitable muscle fibres by putting electrodes on the skin in multiple locations.

RUSSIAN STIMULATION: It is similar to NMES for improving the way of your contraction of muscles. This electrical stimulation involves a different waveform, which is more comfortable.

INTERFERENTIAL CURRENT: IFC is used by the therapist for reducing the muscular spams or pain, and improving the blood flow to multiple tissues or muscles. It is used for decreasing muscular spams and local back pain.

HVGC: the High Volt Galvanic Current makes uses of low frequency and high voltage electricity to penetrate deep into the muscles. It is best for improving the joint mobility, relieving the muscle spasms, improving blood flow, and reducing the pains.

If you have a situation that includes limited functional mobility or pain, you should consult with your doctor and discuss it with your physical therapist.